Cleopatra Thea


Cleopatra Thea
(c. 165–121/0 BC)
   Daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II. She was married in 150 BC to the Syrian pretender Alexander I Balas, who was installed as Seleucid ruler with the aid of his father-in-law, but the allies soon fell out. Cleopatra Thea was given to his rival, Demetrius II. Balas was defeated in battle by Ptolemy VI in 145 BC, after which he was killed and Ptolemy died of wounds. Demetrius II was captured in battle with the Parthians in 139 BC, and Cleopatra Thea married his brother, Antiochus VII Sidetes, who was himself killed in battle with the Parthians in 129 BC. Demetrius II was restored but proved unpopular and was killed at Tyre in 126/125 BC. His widow ruled alone or in association with her sons by Demetrius II, Seleucus V (allegedly killed by her), and Antiochus VIII Grypus. She was apparently poisoned by her son in 121/120 BC after her attempt to murder him had failed. Her other son, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, by Antiochus VII, became a rival to his half brother, Antiochus VIII Grypus. Both brothers married Ptolemaic princesses, the former Cleopatra IV and Cleopatra Selene, and the latter Cleopatra Tryphaena and his brother’s widow, Cleopatra Selene.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cleopatra V Selene — (c. 140/35–69 BC)    Daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. Around 116 BC, she married her brother, Ptolemy IX, after he was forced by his mother to divorce his first wife and their sister, Cleopatra IV. She remained in Egypt when her… …   Ancient Egypt

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  • Cleopatra III of Egypt — For other women named Cleopatra, see Cleopatra (disambiguation). Cleopatra III Queen of Egypt Born c. 160 155 BC …   Wikipedia

  • Cleopatra II — (c. 185–116 BC)    Daughter of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I and wife of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII. She was married to her brother, Ptolemy VI, in April 176 BC and declared joint ruler of Egypt in 170 BC in the face of the threat of invasion by the …   Ancient Egypt

  • Cleopatra Tryphaena — (d. 112 BC)    Daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. She married her first cousin, Seleucid king Antiochus VIII Grypus, son of Demetrius II and Cleopatra Thea, but he faced a rival in his half brother, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, who was… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Cleopatra VII — «Cleopatra» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Cleopatra (desambiguación). Cleopatra VII Reina Faraón de la Dinastía Ptolemaica Reinado …   Wikipedia Español

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